China must do much more if we are to hope to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement. The same is true for almost every other country. As early as 2014, Xi and then-US President Barack Obama reached a surprising agreement on climate change, which became an important part of the Paris Agreement signed in December 2015. It`s hard to point out how transformative China`s climate neutrality promises are for international efforts to limit climate change. The Climate Action Tracker estimates that if China achieves this goal, it will lower global warming forecasts by about 0.2 to 0.3 degrees C (about 0.4 to 0.5 degrees F). This promise allows the world to take a big step towards the goals of the Paris Agreement and avoid the worst effects of climate change. Studies indicate that improving biodiversity and nature-based solutions can achieve up to 37% of the emission reductions needed by 2030 to achieve the ambitions of the Paris Agreement. Britain and China now have a unique opportunity to reconcile their long-term goals of climate neutrality with a broader response to the ecological crisis. “The announcement that China will immediately start on this path with a more aggressive policy is also welcome. Simply reaching emissions “before 2030” will not be enough to put China on the fast track needed for climate neutrality, but overall, it is a very encouraging step. Another potentially disruptive factor is uncertainty about China`s future economy, which the document believes will evolve according to the government`s plans.
According to Korsbakken, who previously co-authored articles for the carbon letter on China`s annual emissions and economy, “this is a big assumption given the current economic turbulence.” The urban population contributes enormously to climate change and consumes on average almost three times more energy than the countryside. Such a demographic shift is all the more important. An analysis showed that China`s emissions could peak between 2021 and 2025, with 13 to 16 gigatons of CO2, which the researchers call a “big contribution” to achieving the Paris Agreement`s goal of limiting temperature increase to 2°C. The official goal is a peak by “towards 2030”. Within a few years, China will also have to expand its investments in energy storage, the power grid and hydrogen technologies; Reduce the demand for industrial products (steel, cement, plastics, chemicals, etc.); development of alternatives for industrial products; electrification of the industry`s energy supply; and to encourage a systemic transition to low-carbon modes of transport. . . .