Nunavut Devolution Final Agreement

From left: Aluki Kotierk, President of Nunavut Tunngavik Inc. Carolyn Bennett, Federal Minister of Crown-Aboriginal Relations; and Joe Savikataaq, Premier of Nunavut, sign the Nunavut Decentralization Agreement in principle on Thursday, August 15. (Photo by Kahlan Miron) The parties to Nunavut`s decentralization process are the Government of Canada, the GN and Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated (NTI), the legal representative of Nunavut Inuit for national contractual rights and contract negotiations. On August 15, 2019, Carolyn Bennett, Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations, Minister Joe Savikataaq (GN) and President Aluki Kotierk (NTI), signed the Agreement-in-Principle (AIP), which will now serve as a guide for negotiating a final devolution agreement in Nunavut. The Land Resource Development Protocol (PDF), signed in 2008 by the Government of Canada, GN and NTI, was the first major step towards non-revolution. The protocol served as a framework to guide the parties in the decentralization negotiations towards an IAP. The IPA negotiations officially began in October 2014.The chief negotiators of the Canadian government, GN and NTI signed an IPA project in May 2019 and recommended it to their sponsors to sign it. Section 35 Consultations on the crown with indigenous groups that held Aboriginal or contractual rights alleged or established in Nunavut began shortly after the paraphaninides. In addition, the IPA sets the framework for the development of human resource and development transition and post-development strategies. These strategies will be consistent with section 23 of the Nunavut Agreement, with the goal of ensuring that Inuit employment levels at all three levels of Nunavut government are maximized in positions created as a result of decentralization.

This chapter also outlines the program elements of the five-year human resources development strategy in the area of transition, implemented to achieve this goal, which includes accredited training and learning, workplace training, student assistance and program support. Canada`s Minister of Relations With Nunavut Prime Minister Joe Savikataaq and Nunavut President Tunngavik, Aluki Kotierk, signed the agreement on Thursday. Governance in the North and the transfer or transfer of responsibilities/powers to the territories are a long-standing political objective of the Canadian government. Decentralization in Nunavut is an essential step in the political and economic development of the territory. Since the 1960s, the federal government has gradually transferred responsibility for health, education, social services, housing, airports and other issues to territorial governments. Since the territory`s inception, discussions have taken place at different times on the transfer or transfer of land and resource management skills/skills to the Government of Nunavut (GN). These tasks are currently being completed under Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada. By transferring these powers to the territory, the parties want to give Nunavummiut more control over decisions about their country and resources, thereby strengthening regional governance and accountability, while opening the door to new sources of income and opportunities for economic development. Significant progress has been made in northern decentralization, as Yukon has successfully managed its own country and natural resources since 2003 and NWT decentralization came into effect in 2014.

Finally, the IPA recognizes that after the IAP is signed, the Government of Canada will continue to consult with Aboriginal groups, which may lead the Canadian government to propose changes to the final decentralization agreement to address the concerns expressed by Aboriginal groups.